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    International Transactions in Applied Sciences (ITAS)




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    1 High Availability Using Virtualization

    Author: Mukesh Negi, D.K. Pandey Director,(Pages:195-200)
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    Abstract:

    I have described and proposed a new solution to achieve the failover capabilities in the field of virtualization where more than one virtual machines runs on a single physical host or server, as well as designed and tested cases to achieve the proper load balancing and failover in terms of applications as well as covered the alternate solution for the session replication on http web based applications.

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    3 A Survey Study of Participation of Scheduled Caste in Business Activities

    Author: Axey Kumar, Shwetabh Mittal,(Pages:201-208)
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    Abstract:

    The author of present research paper is a research scholar of C C S University, Meerut and who has submitted his research study in the university which belongs to the study of economic status of scheduled caste in district Meerut and district Saharanpur. In his research work he examined the economic progress made by the people of scheduled caste community with regard to their education, employment, opportunities in business sector etc. The author of the present paper, who belongs to a scheduled caste family, made an effort to analyse the reasons of non-acceptance of scheduled caste people by the business community of India. For the purpose he interviewed the 1000 families of scheduled castes of district Meerut and district Saharanpur and found that 2369 people of these families were engaged in different economic activities. The results of the results study are presented in the present research paper

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    5 An Almost Product and Almost Decomposable Bi-Recurrent and Bi-Symmetric Manifold

    Author: K.S.Rawat, Mukesh Kumar,(Pages:209-218)
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    Abstract:

    Tachibana (1959) studied on almost analytic vectors in almost-Kaehlerian manifolds. Sato (1966) studied and defined almost analytic tensor fields in almost Complex manifolds. Shirokov (1967) studied and defined structures on differentiable manifolds. Further, Hasegura structures on differentiable manifolds. Further, Hasegawa (1974) studied H-Projective recurrent Kaehlerian manifolds and Bochner recurrent Kahlerian manifold. Rawat(2003) studied and defined Kaehlerian bi-recurrent and bi-symmetric manifold. Rawat and Silswal(2008) studied and defined totally real submanifolds of a Kaehlerian manifold. In the present paper, we have studied an almost product and almost decomposable bi-recurrent and bi-symmetric manifold and several theorems have been established and proved therein

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    7 ERP Involves the Seamless Integration in Educational Sector

    Author: Ashok Kumar, Vinit Kumar Sharma, Padmveer Malik,(Pages:219-230)
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    Abstract:

    ERP systems include several configurable modules that integrate core business activities into a single environment based on an integrated, shared database. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems have been recognized as the most important development in the corporate use of information technology in the 1990s (Davenport, 1998), promising seamless integration of all the information flows throughout a firm. This applies to ERP system applications, which are seen as key in supporting business processes in many organizations. ERP involves the seamless integration of processes across functional areas such as finance, human resources, manufacturing and logistics. They support improved workflow, standardization of business practices, and improved capabilities. Implementation of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems improves corporate performance. But implementing an ERP system is a costly and time-consuming task and these costs are due mainly to the short supply of professionals with ERP skills. This paper discusses about the demand of ERP professionals in the industry, ERP education Scenario in Indian context requiring integration of Business Schools with industries. This paper reveals a clear view of education ERP, as education industry is one of the prime industries in India. Its importance in commercial value is less appreciated but its contribution to nation building is well known. With the surprising growth of the education sector, education institutes are becoming complex organizations. This paper discloses the impact of Education ERP over education participants, i.e. how; they will be beneficial after having this solution in their Colleges/Universities.

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    9 Determinents of Income and Employment of Women in Urban Informal Sector – A Study in Visakhapatnam City

    Author: D. Narayana Rao,(Pages:231-238)
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    Abstract:

    In recent years the informal sector has acquired great significance over the years as a source of employment and livelihood for an increasing number of people, especially women, in both urban and rural areas of the developing world. The reason for this may be that the informal sector activities are characterised by easy entry, reliance on indigenous resources, negligible capital investment, labour intensiveness and highly competitive unregulated markets. So far, considerable numbers of studies have been undertaken for analyzing the socio-economic characteristics, income and employment in the informal sector of rural areas but not much light thrown on the urban informal sector. This study made an attempt to fill this gap and concluded that the poverty levels and the employment levels are low among petty trading households. Since the migration is the main cause for the overcrowding of urban labour market, the government has to formulate and adopt the policies which are useful to reduce the migration from rural areas to urban areas and implement the Programmes to improve the technical skills among women who have already settled in the urban informal sector, because the lack of skill is the main cause for low levels of income and employment in urban informal sector.

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    11 Generalization of Common Fixed Point Theorems of H.L.Guang and Z.Xian in Complete Cone Metric Spaces

    Author: S. C. Ghosh,(Pages:239-244)
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    Abstract:

    Some common fixed point theorems are proved in this research paper satisfying Banach fixed point condition.

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    13 Structural characterization of zinc substituted lithium ferrites

    Author: Ibetombi Soibama, Sumitra Phanjoubamb,(Pages:245-250)
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    Abstract:

    Zn substituted lithium ferrite with compositional formula Li 0.5-0.5x ZnxFe2.5-0.5xO4 where 0.2 ? x ? 0.8 in steps of 0.2 were synthesized by the citrate precursor method. The sample was given sintering at 1100oC. Structural investigation was carried out using the X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements. From the analysis of the XRD data, the average lattice constant and crystallite, size was calculated. Study of grain size was carried out using the SEM measurement. It is observe that the crystallite size increases with the increase in Zn concentration. The mechanism involved in the above observation is being discussed.

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    15 A Critical Analysis on “Employees’ Satisfaction on Grievance Handling Mechanism”, (AT APOLLO TYRES LIMITED, PERAMBRA, KERALA)

    Author: Shri Nath Gupta, Kamal Kishor Shukla,(Pages:251-266)
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    Abstract:

    Grievance is nothing but discontent or dissatisfaction arising out of anything connected with any aspect of the organization. In every company there is a grievance handling mechanism by which all the issues are solved effectively. This grievance handling system helps the employees to ventilate their dissatisfaction and get their concerns solved immediately. A grievance is a sign of employee’s discontent or dissatisfaction with his job or his relationship with his colleagues. Grievances generally arise out of the day to day working relations in an organization. The employee has got certain aspirations and expectations which he thinks must be fulfilled by the organization where he is working. When the organization fails to satisfy the employee needs, he develops a feeling of discontent of dissatisfaction. So this discontent or dissatisfaction whether expressed or not, valid or not, arising out of anything connected with the company which an employee thinks, believes or even feels to be unfair, unjust or inequitable. Since there are such situations in every organization they must follow a proper grievance handling system by which the company can effectively minimize and eliminate the source of an employee’s grievance at the earliest. The researcher selected Apollo Tyres Limited for the research work and have chosen the topic “Employee Satisfaction on Grievance handling Mechanism”, at Apollo Tyres, because of its reputation and good working environment. In the context of the political background of Kerala, the survival of such a reputed company is something miraculous and I was curious to know that what makes the employees happy and content at Apollo. Whichever industries or companies we take, there are issues and problems and many times that are not handled properly which leads to the shutdown of them permanently. So the researcher believe that there must be a proper grievance handling system of which the employees are happy and content to a certain extent. A= agree,

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    17 Teach Biology Science Using a Computer Simulation Process

    Author: Milan Kr. Singh, Soni Singh,Amita Kumari3& Praveen Kumar,(Pages:267-270)
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    Abstract:

    The computer simulation (Arneson and Ticknor, 1990) has been implemented in the general biology laboratory and the science methods course for elementary teachers to reinforce the processes of science and to allow the students to engage, explore, explain, elaborate and evaluate the methods of building concepts in science. The students develop testable hypotheses and then use the program to run experiments and collect data. In addition, they research relevant background information and subsequently present their results in a poster during class.

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    19 Critical Success Factors in ERP Implementation in India

    Author: Ashok Kumar, Padmveer Malik,(Pages:271-280)
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    Abstract:

    ERP is one the latest technologies that many organizations have undertaken. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems are software packages composed of several modules, such as human resources, sales, finance and production, providing cross-organizational integration of transaction-based data management throughout imbedded business processes support. These software packages can be customized up to a certain limit to the specific needs of each organization. ERP was characterized as the most important development in the corporate use of technology in the 1990s. Unfortunately, many ERP projects have not been effective enough and hence have been unable to achieve all the results envisaged. As the cost of an ERP implementation project is very high, it is critical for an organization to make the project a success and start obtaining benefits out of it as fast as possible. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are highly complex information systems. The implementation of these systems is a difficult and high cost proposition that places tremendous demands on corporate time and resources. Many ERP implementations have been classified as failures because they did not achieve predetermined corporate goals.

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    21 A Parallel Shared Memory Computation Model

    Author: Pawan Singh, Azeem Aftab, Ankur Rastogi,(Pages:281-294)
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    Abstract:

    This paper present a new model of parallel computing, an experimental test bed of the model, and a set of experimental data on the use of the model. Specifically, we model memory computation in computers with technology similar to current parallel computers. The processors compute independently using their local memories. The processors communicate via a limited asynchronous access to an amount of shared memory. The modeling concentrates on a set of parameters that describe the shared memory access limitations of the processors. The experimental part of the work was done using a configurable emulator to study various combinations of the different parameters.

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    23 Effect of inflation on a multi echelon inventory system with ramp type demand and partial backlogging

    Author: Sarvpreet Kaur, D. Singh, A. P. Singh,(Pages:295-314)
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    Abstract:

    In this chapter we proposed a collaborative system with ramp type demand rate and shortages that are partially backlogged. Demand rate is the combination of increasing-steady-decreasing demand patters. Every change in demand is directly correlated to the production rate of that particular commodity. The production planning and control system should be designed to complement the corporate strategy and to provide additional competitive advantage. Therefore, we have taken production rate proportional to the demand rate. Demand rate under two specific assumptions are discussed in two sections. In the first one, six possible cases related to the demand transfer points and cycle times are discussed. In second section, the model considered is both amelioration and deterioration under inflationary environment. Results are illustrated with numerical examples for both sections

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    25 Two Warehouse Model with Ramp Type Demand and Ameliorating Items

    Author: Pratap Singh, D. Singh, A. P. Singh,(Pages:315-328)
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    Abstract:

    -

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    27 Modelling of Chlorine Concentration Decay in Drinking Water Pipeline Network

    Author: Jaipal, Rakesh Chandra Bhadula, V. N Kala,(Pages: 329-336)
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    Abstract:

    A mathematical model that accounts for transport in the axial direction of diffusion and that incorporates chlorine decay within the bulk flow and transport of chlorine from the bulk flow to the pipe wall has been developed to predict the chlorine concentration in a drinking-water-distribution system. Keeping constant entry concentration, the outlet concentration is calculated in a pipeline network at various location. The results obtained in the model are compared with available results in the literature and found that our model can be used to locate booster chlorination in the system to optimize disinfection in the drinking water

    Keyword:

    NA

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    29 Analysis of Two Unit Standby System When Each Unit Composed of Two Components in Series

    Author: V.K.Sharma, Surendra Prabhat Gupta,(Pages:337-350)
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    Abstract:

    In this Study, Reliability, Mean Time System Failure (MTSF), Point wise and Steady State availabilities, Expected up time, Busy Period function, Expected number of repairs, Profit function in Steady state of a Two Unit Standby System when each unit composed of two components in series were discussed. We analyzed the system by using Markov-Renewal process. The results indicate that both the profit functions decreases with the increase in the failure rate and increase in the repair rate.

    Keyword:

    Markov-Renewal Process, MTSF, FCFS, Steady state availability, Busy Period, Repairs, Profit Function

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    31 Forecasting of Rainfall using Statistical Technique over Faizabad Region

    Author: Ashish Chaudhary, Anupm Pandey,Rajesh Kumar, S N D Dewvedi, V K Singh, Manoj kumar singh, S R Mishra,(Pages: 351-356)
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    Abstract:

    In the present paper, we study the forecasting of Rainfall using statistical technique over Faizabad region on the basis of Data collected at N.D. University, Kumarganj, Faizabad, U.P.. Linear & Non-Linear regression analysis is applied on the data of Rainfall for the forecasting of rainfall. We get the equation y=ax + b for linear regression &y=a + bcos(x) + csin(x) for non linear regression. We get the variables a=-0.0635, b=129.768 for linear regression & a=2.2592, b=-0.0792, c=-0.0177 for non linear regression. Using these equations we forecast the rainfall for next five year over Faizabad region.

    Keyword:

    linear regression, numerical weather prediction.

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    33 Two warehouse inventory model with time varying demand and partial backlogging

    Author: Mamta Sharma,B.B.Singh, R.K.Srivastav,Jitendra Singh,(Pages:357-366)
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    Abstract:

    In this paper, we developed a two warehouse production model with linear demand and shortages. A rented warehouse (RW) is used when the ordering quantity exceeds the limited facility of the owned warehouse (OW). We assume that the production rate is finite and dependent on the demand rate. It is assumed that deterioration rates of items in the two warehouses may be different. Shortages are allowed and partially backlogged. Salvage value is related to the deteriorated items. The model is analytically solved by numerical example. Sensitivity analysis is also shown in this model.

    Keyword:

    Two warehouse production model, shortages, salvage value.

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    35 Estimation of Iridium(III) using Amino Acid-Hexacyanoferrate(III) Redox Reaction

    Author: Shakunj, Savita Devi and Anjali Goel,(Pages:367-373)
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    Abstract:

    A new kinetic spectrophotometric method is developed for the determination of Ir(III) in aqueous alkaline medium. The method is based on the iridium(III) catalyzed oxidation of some amino acids by hexacyanoferrate (abbreviated as HCF) (III)) ions in aqueous alkaline medium. The kinetic studies on eight essential amino acids are carried out in aqueous alkaline medium. Out of eight amino acids four are glycine, alanine, valine and leucine (abbreviated as AA) while the other four are sulphur containing as cystine, cysteine, isoleucine and methionine (abbreviated as SAA). The comparison of the results shows that Beer’s limit is low for SAA than AA. For SAA value of Beer limit is 0.258 to 8.37 µgcm-3 and for AA it is 0.99 - 39.98 µg- cm-3. Again higher molar absorptivity & low sandell’s sensitivity value show that the use of SAA oxidation reaction is better than the use of AA for Ir(III) determination.The molar absorptivity & sandell’s sensitivity are found to be 0.367 x 103 to 1.425 X 103 l mol-1 cm-1 and 0.524 to 0.135 µgcm-2 forAA and 2.31 x 103 to 5.57 X 103 l mol-1 cm-1 and 0.0834 to 0.0345 µgcm-2 for SAA respectively. The coefficient of determination lies between 0.9588 to 0.9989 for AA & 0.9734 to 0.9997 for SAA. The effect of few interfering ions have been worked out for developing the calibration curves in terms of absorbance or initial rates or pseudo first order rate constant vs. Ir(III) plot, absorbance was noted at λmaxof 420 nm. Thus the present method is more simple and sensitive then the reported methods and especially useful in absence of the expected interfering ions.

    Keyword:

    Determination, Oxidation, Hexacyanoferrate, Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Leucine, Cysteine, Methionine, cystine, Isoleucine, Ir(III)

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    37 Future of fullerenes (NPMs), as vehicle fuels

    Author: Parshuram Singh, Rajeev Kumar Singh,(Pages:375-390)
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    Abstract:

    Hydrogen-fueled vehicles offer the promise of significantly reducing the amount of pollutants expelled into the environment. However, the technology that is needed to store the hydrogen fuel onboard and deliver it to the propulsion system is different from what consumers and even engineers currently know and understand. As an early step in identifying critical safety requirements for these vehicles and, if needed, develop appropriate Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration requested that Battelle undertake a high-level failure modes and effects analysis to characterize potential hazards from compressed-hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and identify potential safety issues. Energy use for transportation purposes and the number of passenger vehicles is increasing rapidly around the world. Fuelling infrastructure based on hydrogen provides an attractive alternative to predominating fossil fuels. This paper includes research on hydrogen fuel cell vehicle and its local refueling station based on hydrogen production from physisorption-based, NPMs. On-board hydrogen storage technology is critical to H2-powered fuel cell vehicles in future transportation applications. To be practical, the storage system must have a gravimetric capacity of at least 0.06 kg H2/kg and a volumetric capacity of 0.045 kg H2/L at ambient temperature. Furthermore, the adsorbent should be able to be produced at commercial scale to bring the cost down. All these pose significant technical challenges to the hydrogen storage materials. We plan to address these challenges by developing a new class of physisorption-based hydrogen adsorbent, NPMs. Polymers usually have excellent thermal stability within typical adsorbent operating temperature and tolerance to moisture and other contaminants. Furthermore, they can be produced at commercial scale with the current industrial infrastructure. The uses of porous polymers as hydrogen adsorbent have been report

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    39 The Fullerenes: A Novel Nanostructured Polymeric Material for Hydrogen Storage

    Author: Parshuram Singh, Rajeev Kumar Singh,(Pages:391-400)
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    Abstract:

    Recently, nanostructured materials adsorbing hydrogen on their surface have received much attention as a hydrogen storage medium because of the potential of good reversibility, fast kinetics, and high capacity. However, it has been found that the storage capacity in these nanomaterials decreases significantly near room temperature and ambient pressure. The reason is that the binding energy of H2 molecules on these materials is mediated by the van der Waals interaction (~0.04 eV) which is much short of the required energy of ~0.3−0.4 eV. In recent years, transition metal (TM)-dihydrogen complexes have been of intense interest for hydrogen storage purposes because of the potential of the application of these complexes to hydrogen storage materials that operate at room temperature and ambient pressure. Density functional theory (DFT) studies have shown that, using TM-dihydrogen complexes, TM (Sc, Ti, V, and Ni)-decorated nanomaterials adsorb H2 molecules with a binding energy of ~0.2−0.8 eV via the hybridization of TM d orbits and H2 σ or σ* orbits. The hydrogen storage capacity reaches the gravimetric goal of 9 wt% of the Department of Energy (DOE) by the year 2015. However, it has turned out that the aggregation of TM atoms is energetically preferred and changes significantly the adsorption nature of the H2 molecules, resulting in the dissociation of H2 molecules and the reduction of dihydrogen complexes. Instead of TM atoms, searching for different elements for decoration is necessary to overcome the issues of the aggregation in metal-decorated hydrogen storage systems. Recently, alkali or alkali earth metal atoms have been considered as elements for decorating nanomaterials for hydrogen storage. It has been found that alkali (or earth) metal-decorated nanomaterials can absorb H2 molecules with a binding energy of ~0.1−0.2 eV.19-23. In this paper, we show that coating of C60 fullerenes with suitable metal atoms may lead to the synthesis

    Keyword:

    Polymers, nanocomposites, coatings, nanoparticles, nimrods, evaporation, sputtering, magnetic, high frequency, antibacterial

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    41 Evaluation of Reliability and Mean Time to System Failure of A Complex System Models by Using Boolean Function Techniques

    Author: C.K.Goel , Dhanpal Singh and Baljeet Kour,(Pages:401-410)
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    Abstract:

    The present paper deals with the reliability analysis of a complex system ,which consists of a number of components of varying nature.The analysis of the model is performed with the help of Boolean Function Technique by taking general and non-identical life time distributions of the components of the system.In particular Weibull distribution with different scale parameter (i = 1,2,…………16)is taken as lifetime distribution of the components.Some important measures of system effectiveness have been obtained.A graphical study has also been carried out to highlight the importance of the results.

    Keyword:

    Boolean Function Technique, Weibull distribution, MTSF and hazard rate.

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    43 A Common Coincidence Points Theorem For Eight R–Weakly Commuting Maps

    Author: Pardeep Kr. Rana, Khilendra Singh, Sachin Kr. Agrawal,(Pages: 411-416)
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    Abstract:

    The aim of this paper is to obtain a common coincidence point theorem for eight mappings using the concept of R – weakly commuting mappings on a complete metric space. Which generalizes several previously known results due to, Tayyab kawran [11], Daffer and Kandko [10].

    Keyword:

    R–weakly commuting mappings, Coincidence points fixed points, complete metric space

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    45 A production inventory model for deteriorating items with shortages and time dependent exponentially decreasing demand

    Author: Balvinder Singh Sandhu, Arun Kumar Tomer,(Pages:417-426)
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    Abstract:

    In this paper, a production-inventory model for deteriorating items is developed over a finite planning horizon where the demand decreasing exponentially with time. The production rate is assumed to be finite and constant. Shortages in inventory are allowed and are completely backlogged. Deterioration rate is constant. As a result, we establish a model to find the optimum values of time and inventory level by minimizing the average cost.

    Keyword:

    In this paper, a production-inventory model for deteriorating items is developed over a finite planning horizon where the demand decreasing exponentially with time. The production rate is assumed to be finite and constant. Shortages in inventory are allowed and are completely backlogged. Deteriorati

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    47 Integrated inventory model for deteriorating items under permissible delay in payments

    Author: S K Shon, Megha Sharma,(Pages: 337-350)
    Email: sksvishnu@gmail.com          DOI: N/A

    Abstract:

    In this paper an inventory model is develop for single vendor and single buyer with price dependent demand under permissible delay in payments. In this study a unified inventory model where deterioration rate is fixed with time and shortages for a final product is allowed with partially backordered. All cost components are effected by both inflation and time value of money. The objective is to find an optimal production schedule for each product in any inventory cycle so that overall total cost is minimized.

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